Bilingual vs. Monolingual: What Research Shows the Development of Language for Infants and Toddlers

Based on the results of four studies, bilingual children can master and handle two languages as well as monolinguals, except for the syntax and grammar. Bilingual infants and toddlers can master the vocabulary of a particular language as well as monolinguals can. They can use two phonological systems to handle two languages at the early age of 1.5 years, and they are able to switch languages in a context-sensitive way as early as age 2. However, bilingual children easily confuse the rules of the two language systems and find it difficult to use a language-specific rule in their production of syntax.  

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM

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1: "Crosslinguistic Influence In Bilingual Language Acquisition: Italian And French As Recipient Languages," Bilingualism: Language And Cognition, 2001, by N Mller, A Hulk. (Citations: 379).

Abstract In this paper we want to compare the results from monolingual children with object omissions in bilingual children who have acquired two languages simultaneously. Our longitudinal studies of bilingual DutchFrench, GermanFrench, and GermanItalian ...


1: "Lexical Development In Bilingual Infants And Toddlers: Comparison To Monolingual Norms," Language Learning, 1993, by BZ Pearson, SC Fernandez, DK Oller. (Citations: 472).

2. We gratefully acknowledge the help of Donna Thal and Donna Jackson-Maldonadoof the CRL in San Diego for the use of the Spanish form sand of Larry Fenson of San Diego and Bill LeBlanc of the University of Miami for their help in the evaluation of the children's ...


1: "The Development Of Segmental Phonological Production In A Bilingual Child: A Contrasting Second Case," Journal Of Child Language, 1996, by ML Schnitzer, E Krasinski. (Citations: 60).

ABSTRACT A longitudinal diary-and-videotape study of the production of phonological segments by a SpanishEnglish bilingual child, age 1; 64; 6, revealed a consistent separation of the phonological systems of the two languages from the earliest period, with ...


1: "Can Bilingual Two-Year-Olds Code-Switch?," Journal Of Child Language, 1992, by E Lanza. (Citations: 294).

ABSTRACT Sociolinguists have investigated language mixing as code-switching in the speech of bilingual children three years old and older. Language mixing by bilingual two-year-olds, however, has generally been interpreted in the child language literature as a ...

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Bilingual vs. Monolingual: What Research Shows the Development of Language for Infants and Toddlers

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