How to Make My Child Smarter? What Scientific Studies Actually Prove and Disprove about Music Lessons?

Based on the results of four studies, there are some benefits but also some misconceptions about the benefits of learning a musical instrument for children's brain development and intelligence.

Fine motor skills: Learning a musical instrument can enhance children's fine motor skills.

Reasoning skills: Learning a musical instrument is beneficial for children's nonverbal and spatial reasoning skills.

Language achievement: Learning a musical instrument is not related to children's language scores; it may enhance their vocabulary skills, but not their phonic awareness.

Math scores: Learning a musical instrument is not related to children's math scores.

IQ: An experimental study found that children's IQ is enhanced after music lessons (either keyboard or voice). However, how long this effect will last is uncertain. The length of the effect: One study found that the effect of learning a musical instrument on children's general intellectual and spatial development lasts only 1-2 years, and not more than 3 years. 

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


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Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References

References:

1: "Practicing A Musical Instrument In Childhood Is Associated With Enhanced Verbal Ability And Nonverbal Reasoning," PLOS ONE Online, 2008, by M Forgeard, E Winner, A Norton, G Schlaug. (Citations: 151).

Children who received at least three years (M = 4.6 years) of instrumental music training outperformed their control counterparts on two outcomes closely related to music (auditory discrimination abilities and fine motor skills) and on two outcomes distantly related to music (vocabulary and ...


References:

1: "Music Lessons Enhance Iq," Psychological Science, 2004, by EG Schellenberg. (Citations: 594).

Abstract The idea that music makes you smarter has received considerable attention from scholars and the media. The present report is the first to test this hypothesis directly with random assignment of a large sample of children (N= 144) to two different types of music ...


References:

1: "Practicing A Musical Instrument In Childhood Is Associated With Enhanced Verbal Ability And Nonverbal Reasoning," PLOS ONE Online, 2008, by M Forgeard, E Winner, A Norton, G Schlaug. (Citations: 151).

Children who received at least three years (M = 4.6 years) of instrumental music training outperformed their control counterparts on two outcomes closely related to music (auditory discrimination abilities and fine motor skills) and on two outcomes distantly related to music (vocabulary and ...


2: "Can Music Instruction Affect Children'S Cognitive Development? Eric Digest.," ERIC Digest, 2003, by FH Rauscher. (Citations: 56).

ACCESS ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Findings from these two sets of studies ...


References:

1: "The Effects Of Three Years Of Piano Instruction On Children'S Cognitive Development," Journal Of Research In Music Education, 1999, by E Costa-Giomi. (Citations: 247).

Abstract The relationship between music and cognitive abilities was studied by observing the cognitive development of children provided (n= 63) and not provided (n= 54) with individual piano lessons from fourth to sixth grade. There were no differences in cognitive ...


References:

1: "Practicing A Musical Instrument In Childhood Is Associated With Enhanced Verbal Ability And Nonverbal Reasoning," PLOS ONE Online, 2008, by M Forgeard, E Winner, A Norton, G Schlaug. (Citations: 151).

Children who received at least three years (M = 4.6 years) of instrumental music training outperformed their control counterparts on two outcomes closely related to music (auditory discrimination abilities and fine motor skills) and on two outcomes distantly related to music (vocabulary and ...


2: "Can Music Instruction Affect Children'S Cognitive Development? Eric Digest.," ERIC Digest, 2003, by FH Rauscher. (Citations: 56).

ACCESS ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Findings from these two sets of studies ...


References:

1: "Practicing A Musical Instrument In Childhood Is Associated With Enhanced Verbal Ability And Nonverbal Reasoning," PLOS ONE Online, 2008, by M Forgeard, E Winner, A Norton, G Schlaug. (Citations: 151).

Children who received at least three years (M = 4.6 years) of instrumental music training outperformed their control counterparts on two outcomes closely related to music (auditory discrimination abilities and fine motor skills) and on two outcomes distantly related to music (vocabulary and ...


2: "Can Music Instruction Affect Children'S Cognitive Development? Eric Digest.," ERIC Digest, 2003, by FH Rauscher. (Citations: 56).

ACCESS ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Findings from these two sets of studies ...



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