How to Help Children Who Stutter: What Scientific Studies Reveal

There are various factors to characterize children who stutter. At the parents’ level, in order to help them, we have to understand the reasons behind this and then provide different language or emotional interventions.

Based on the findings of 7 studies, there are a number of characteristics of children who stutter, compared to children who don't stutter at age 3-7. These include:

  1. Meaning of words: For children who stutter, the development of meaning of words lags behind their development of grammar for making up a sentence.

  2. Grammar and sentence: Children who stutter usually produce lengthier sentences, use more grammatically complex sentences, and produce sentences with significantly more clausal constituents. On the contrary, children who don’t stutter use shorter sentences and less grammatically complex sentences.

  3. Phonology-wise: For children who stutter, the syllabic length is longer, and they have greater difficulty remembering and producing novel phonological sequences.

  4. Temperament: Children who stutter also have stronger mood reactivity, are less able to regulate their emotion, and are less attentive and adaptive to the changes in the environment.     


Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM

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Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References


1: "Length, grammatical complexity, and rate differences in stuttered and fluent conversational utterances of children who stutter," Journal of Fluency Disorders, 1995, by Logan, K. J., & Conture, E. G. . (Citations: 123).


1: "Selected temporal, grammatical, and phonological characteristics of conversational utterances produced by children who stutter," Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1997, by Logan, K. J., & Conture, E. G. . (Citations: 88).


1: "Language abilities of children who stutter: A preliminary study," Journal of fluency disorders, 2001, by Anderson, J. D., & Conture, E. G. . (Citations: 107).


1: "Relation of emotional reactivity and regulation to childhood stuttering," Journal of communication disorders, 2006, by Karrass, J., Walden, T. A., Conture, E. G., Graham, C. G., Arnold, H. S., Hartfield, K. N., & Schwenk, K. A.. (Citations: 84).

2: "Reaction to background stimulation of preschool children who do and do not stutter," Journal of communication disorders, 2007, by Schwenk, K. A., Conture, E. G., & Walden, T. A. . (Citations: 44).

3: "Measurements of temperament in the identification of children who stutter," International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 1997, by Lewis, K. E., & Golberg, L. L. . (Citations: 39).

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How to Help Children Who Stutter: What Scientific Studies Reveal

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