Scientifically Proven Factors Contribute to Children’s Math Performance

Based on the results of four studies on elementary school children, “speed of counting and process” and “ability to reduce irrelevant information in working memory” are significantly associated with children’s arithmetic ability.

However, it is inconclusive if short-term memory is related to children’s arithmetic performance. The findings from one study indicate that short-term memory is not related to children’s arithmetic performance. One study reveals that short-term memory of numerical information is related but word memory is not related to arithmetic performance. In terms of working memory, children with weaker arithmetic ability also have weaker spatial working memory, but normal phonological working memory.   

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


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Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References

References:

1: "Short-term memory, working memory, and inhibitory control in children with difficulties in arithmetic problem solving," Journal of experimental child psychology, 2001, by Passolunghi, M. C., & Siegel, L. S. . (Citations: 387).



References:

1: "Children's arithmetical difficulties: Contributions from processing speed, item identification, and short-term memory," Journal of experimental child psychology, 1997, by Bull, R., & Johnston, R. S. . (Citations: 350).



References:

1: "Working memory in children with specific arithmetical learning difficulties," British Journal of Psychology, 1991, by Hitch, G. J., & McAuley, E. . (Citations: 302).



References:

1: "Children's arithmetical difficulties: Contributions from processing speed, item identification, and short-term memory," Journal of experimental child psychology, 1997, by Bull, R., & Johnston, R. S. . (Citations: 350).




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memory, arithmetic, mathematics, elementary

Scientifically Proven Factors Contribute to Children’s Math Performance

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