Study Findings on Developmental Outcomes of Only One Child

Based on the results of five studies, there are a number of advantages for only children's development.

Firstly, only children outperform others except first born and those from two-child families on school achievement and intelligence. Only children have higher educational levels and higher occupational status.

Only children have better character development, are more secure, and have a good parent-child relationship.

There is also a common misconception about the sociability of only children. The findings show that even though only children may display more egocentric behaviors at age 4-10, it may gradually disappear and they are as popular and sociable at high school as others. 

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


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Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References

References:

1: "Comparative Study Of Behavioral Qualities Of Only Children And Sibling Children," Child Development, 1986, by S Jiao, G Ji, Q Jing, CC Ching. (Citations: 134).

Research was carried out to investigate the manifestations and socialization processes of only and sibling children for the better implementation of the Chinese 1-child family planning program. A total of 993 rural and urban kindergarten and primary school Chinese children ...


References:

1: "The Only Child In America: Prejudice Versus Performance," Population And Development Review, 1981, by J Blake. (Citations: 120).

Being an only child is popularly regarded as a handicap. During the 1970s, analyses appeared showing an intellectual advantage for only children relative to those from most other family-size/birth-order statuses. As for whether only children are spoiled and ...


2: "The Only Child Grows Up: A Look At Some Characteristics Of Adult Only Children," Family Relations, 1980, by DF Polit, RL Nuttall, EV Nuttall. (Citations: 26).

There is considerable empirical and anecdotal evidence of negative stereotypes of the only child. The only child has often been characterized in terms of such traits as selfishness, egotism, dependence, loneliness, and unsociability. Research on young children has in ...


References:

1: "Quantitative Review Of The Only Child Literature: Research Evidence And Theory Development.," Psychological Bulletin, 1986, by T Falbo, DF Polit. (Citations: 194).

Abstract 1. Conducted 6 meta-analyses of 115 studies on only children (OCs) to evaluate the status of OCs. The meta-analyses focused on achievement, adjustment, character, intelligence, parentchild relationships, and sociability. Findings indicate that OCs were ...


References:

1: "Quantitative Review Of The Only Child Literature: Research Evidence And Theory Development.," Psychological Bulletin, 1986, by T Falbo, DF Polit. (Citations: 194).

Abstract 1. Conducted 6 meta-analyses of 115 studies on only children (OCs) to evaluate the status of OCs. The meta-analyses focused on achievement, adjustment, character, intelligence, parentchild relationships, and sociability. Findings indicate that OCs were ...


References:

1: "Quantitative Review Of The Only Child Literature: Research Evidence And Theory Development.," Psychological Bulletin, 1986, by T Falbo, DF Polit. (Citations: 194).

Abstract 1. Conducted 6 meta-analyses of 115 studies on only children (OCs) to evaluate the status of OCs. The meta-analyses focused on achievement, adjustment, character, intelligence, parentchild relationships, and sociability. Findings indicate that OCs were ...


References:

1: "Mental Health Condition Of The Only-Child: A Study Of Urban And Rural High School Students In China," Adolescence, 2005, by C Liu, T Munakata, FN Onuoha. (Citations: 33).

Abstract The mental health of the only-child continues to generate interest in research literature. The present study examines the issue in China, where the one-child phenomenon is highest due to deliberate government policy. Subjects are 299 and 333 students in two ...


References:

1: "The Academic, Personality, And Physical Outcomes Of Only Children In China," Child Development, 1993, by T Falbo, DL Poston. (Citations: 142).

Only Children in China. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1993, 64, 18-35, Representative samples of 1,000 schoolchildren from 4 Chinese provinces were surveyed to compare the outcomes of only children to those of firstborn and later-horn children. The children's ages ranged ...



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