Is Timeout Effective for Children with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)?

It is challengign to discipline kids with ADHD. Timeout is one effective strategy proven by science. But how long is enough? Based on the results of one study, time-out is also the best strategy for children aged 6-12 years with ADHD. Both short (5 minutes) and long (15 minutes) are effective. It is also recommended to be consistent with the cause of punishment and also praise ADHD children when they are well-behaved in contrast to the time-out strategy. Please also refer to our article "Scientifically Proven Strategies to Improve Working Memory of Children with ADHD" for related information.

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


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Details Scientific Answers

References:

1: "An Evaluation Of Three Time-Out Procedures For Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder," Behavior Therapy, 2004, by GA Fabiano, WE Pelham, MJ Manos, EM Gnagy. (Citations: 60).

Behavior modification is an evidence-based treatment for children with attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Time-out from positive reinforcement is one behavior-modification procedure commonly recommended to manage disruptive or noncompliant behavior. This investigation examined the effects of time-out on children's behavior within the context of an intensive summer treatment program at two sites. Short (5-minute), long (15-minute), and escalating/de-escalating time-out conditions were compared to no time-out for 71 children. Results indicated that the time-out conditions were superior to no time-out in reducing the occurrence of intentional aggression, intentional destruction of property, and repeated noncompliance in the recreational and classroom settings regardless of child age or parent reported oppositional or conduct problems. There were no effects of time-out on staff member ratings of time-out effectiveness or the pleasantness of staff-child interactions. All three time-out conditions were equally effective in the group analyses, though analyses of normalization of functioning indicated there were individual differences in response to the time-out conditions. The results indicated that time-out is an effective means of reducing negative behavior in children with ADHD.



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