Study Findings on Impacts of Prolonged Usage of Pacifier on Teeth and Speech

Even though sucking a pacifier may sooth children, there are a number of possible negative impacts of prolonged usage on children's dental development, including a significant change in the dental arch and increased malocclusion in the primary dentition of children with a prolonged pacifier-sucking habit (usage for more than 2-3 years). Continual usage of a pacifier after age 1.5 to 2 years is also associated with a greater risk of recurrent attacks of acute otitis media (middle ear infection). There may also be an increase in the chance of caries, but whether there is a significant influence is still inconclusive. However, sucking a pacifier does NOT influence speech articulation.

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


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Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References

References:

1: "Prolonged Pacifier-Sucking And Use Of A Nursing Bottle At Night: Possible Risk Factors For Dental Caries In Children," Acta Odontologica, 1998, by P Ollila, M Niemel, M Uhari. (Citations: 48).

At the baseline of this cohort study we determined risk factors for colonization of oral lactobacilli and candida in a group of children (n= 166) whose mean age was 2.5 years. The results showed that pacifiersucking and the use of a nursing bottle at night increase the ...


2: "Pacifier Use And Early Childhood Caries: An Evidence-Based Study Of The Literature.," Journal (Canadian Dental Association), 2003, by S Peressini. (Citations: 33).

This evidence-based study of the literature investigated the relationship between pacifier use (with and without sweetening and prolonged or short-term) and early childhood caries (ECC). The review was based on evidence from 3 main sources: a search of several ...


3: "Longitudinal Study On Influence Of Prolonged Non-Nutritive Sucking Habits On Dental Caries In Japanese Children From 1.5 To 3 Years Of Age," The Bulletin Of Tokyo Dental College, 2008, by T Yonezu, M Yakushiji. (Citations: 21).

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between infant sucking habits and the prevalence of caries in Japanese preschool children. The study was designed as a prospective, longitudinal study starting with 592 children aged 18 months. ...


References:

1: "Effects Of Oral Habits' Duration On Dental Characteristics In The Primary Dentition," The Journal of the American Dental Association, 2001, by JJ Warren, SE BISHARA, KL STEINBOCK. (Citations: 169).

Background Studies dating to the 1870s have demonstrated that long-term nonnutritive sucking habits may lead to occlusal abnormalities, including open bite and posterior crossbite. However, little is known as to whether habits of shorter durations have lasting ...


2: "A Comprehensive Review Of Evidence And Current Recommendations Related To Pacifier Usage," Journal Of Pediatric Nursing, 2012, by AM Nelson. (Citations: 13).

Pacifier usage is controversial, and published recommendations are contradictory. The purposes of this literature review were to provide a comprehensive summary of risks and benefits of pacifier usage based upon the highest levels of evidence available and to ...


3: "Pacifier Sucking Habit And Associated Dental Changes. Importance Of Early Diagnosis.," Anales De Pediatria (Barcelona, Spain: 2003), 2012, by VV Franco, GB Gorritxo. (Citations: 9).

INTRODUCTION: The non-nutritive sucking habits are a physiological activity during the first months of life of a child, but if they persist afterwards, these habits can affect the development of dental occlusion.The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of past pacifier-sucking habits in a sample of school children and its role in the genesis of dental malocclusion in primary dentition, as well as to follow up these alterations until the next phase of the dentition (mixed dentition). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a longitudinal epidemiological study on a sample of 225 children from age 2 to 10 years in the Basque Autonomous Region.Data were obtained by means of a questionnaire of children habits, filled in by parents, and clinical tests carried out on the children, recording the presence of alterations in dental occlusion, such as anterior open bite and posterior crossbite. RESULTS: We found a significant increase of malocclusion in the primary dentition of children who prolonged the pacifier-sucking habit. If this habit was abandoned early, anterior open bites improved, while posterior crossbites clutch remained or even got worse. CONCLUSIONS: The pacifier sucking habit influences the development of the teeth, thus, it is necessary to detect early changes in order to prevent the establishment of dental malocclusion.


References:

1: "The Impact Of Prolonged Pacifier Use On Speech Articulation: A Preliminary Investigation," CICSD, 2008, by LL Shotts, DM McDaniel, RA Neeley. (Citations: 13).

ABSTRACT: This investigation was designed to study the impact of prolonged pacifier use on speech articulation. Three groups of children representing varying degrees of pacifier use ranging from little or none to 55 months were formed. Group 1 consisted of 30 children ...


References:

1: "Pacifier As A Risk Factor For Acute Otitis Media: A Randomized, Controlled Trial Of Parental Counseling," Pediatrics, 2000, by M Niemel, O Pihakari, T Pokka, M Uhari, M Uhari. (Citations: 132).

Objectives. To evaluate the association between pacifier use and the increased occurrence of acute otitis media (AOM) in an intervention trial. Methods. Fourteen well-baby clinics were selected to participate in an open, controlled cohort study. These clinics were paired ...


2: "Pacifiers And Dental Structure As Risk Factors For Otitis Media," International Journal Of Pediatric, 1994, by M Niemel, M Uhari, A Hannuksela. (Citations: 66).

Abstract The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between ear infections and dentition, sucking habits, pacifier sucking and atopic and allergic diseases in a historic cohort survey. The series comprised 944 5-year-old children representing about


3: "A Comprehensive Review Of Evidence And Current Recommendations Related To Pacifier Usage," Journal Of Pediatric Nursing, 2012, by AM Nelson. (Citations: 13).

Pacifier usage is controversial, and published recommendations are contradictory. The purposes of this literature review were to provide a comprehensive summary of risks and benefits of pacifier usage based upon the highest levels of evidence available and to ...



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Study Findings on Impacts of Prolonged Usage of Pacifier on Teeth and Speech

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