Effects of PVC-Plastic Products on Children’s Health: What Scientific Studies Show

The most widely used plasticizers for PVC-made products are di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and diisononyl phthalate (DINP). Based on the results of five studies, the different sources of plasticizer have different influences, and DEHP is more hazardous than DINP. There is strong evidence that early life exposure to DEHP may adversely affect male reproductive tract development, whereas DINP does not present a significant risk to children. The presence of DINP in toys and children's products is therefore not a health threat.

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM

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1: "Human Breast Milk Contamination With Phthalates And Alterations Of Endogenous Reproductive Hormones In Infants Three Months Of Age," Environmental Health, 2006, by KM Main, GK Mortensen, MM Kaleva, KA Boisen. (Citations: 443).

Phthalates adversely affect the male reproductive system in animals. We investigated whether phthalate monoester contamination of human breast milk had any influence on the postnatal surge of reproductive hormones in newborn boys as a sign of testicular ...

2: "Plasticizers In Total Diet Samples, Baby Food And Infant Formulae," Food Additives & Contaminants, 2000, by JH Petersen, T Breindahl. (Citations: 207).

The plasticizers di-n-butylphthalate (DBP), butylbenzylphthalate (BBP), di-2-(ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-2-(ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) were analysed in 29 total diet samples, in 11 samples of baby food and in 11 samples of infant formulae. In all of the ...

3: "Plasticizers, Infant Nutrition And Reproductive Health," Reproductive Toxicology, 2004, by G Latini, C De Felice, A Verrotti. (Citations: 142).

Since the 1930s, plasticizers have been used to impart flexibility to an otherwise rigid polyvinylchloride (PVC). Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) is the most widely used plasticizer in PVC formulations. However, DEHP leaks out from PVC items with time and ...

4: "Exposure To Phthalates: Reproductive Outcome And Children Health. A Review Of Epidemiological Studies," International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health, 2011, by J Jurewicz, W Hanke. (Citations: 103).

Abstract Phthalates are a family of industrial chemicals that have been used for a variety of purposes. As the potential consequences of human exposure to phthalates have raised concerns in the general population, they have been studied in susceptible subjects such ...


1: "The Potential Health Effects Of Phthalate Esters In Children'S Toys: A Review And Risk Assessment," Regulatory Toxicology And Pharmacology, 1999, by CF Wilkinson, JC Lamb. (Citations: 104).

Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) is one of several dialkyl phthalate esters that are widely used as plasticizers to impart softness and flexibility to normally rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. During the past 2 years, concern has been voiced by public interest groups and ...

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