Cross-Gender-Type vs. Gender-Stereotyped Toys: What are the Factors Contributing to Children’s Preference

According to the results of six studies, there are a number of factors which influence young children's choices of gender-stereotyped or cross-gendered toys.

For children who have a choice of gender-stereotyped toys, parental expectation of gendered roles and behaviors influence their play and toy choice behaviors. This kind of influence is stronger for boys than girls because fathers have more fixed views of boys' gendered role and are involved in more masculine types of play with boys. On the contrary, parents have more flexible views of girls' gendered role and girl tends to have more cross-gendered choices of toys.

For children who have a choice of cross-gendered toys, those who have reasoning skills to distinguish between social and moral norms  display less gender-stereotyped behaviors and have more flexibility in the choice of toys. In addition, the marital status of the mother also plays a role in the child's toy-preference. For example children with single mothers have less gender-stereotyped knowledge and display more cross-gendered play behaviors and choice of toys. 

Created on November 21 2015 at 08: 00 AM


Share via your favorite social networking service


Follow us on your favorite social sites

Parenting-Checkpoint

Details of Scientific Answers: Click on each bullet to Read References

References:

1: "Preschoolers' Awareness Of Social Expectations Of Gender: Relationships To Toy Choices," Sex Roles, 1998, by T Raag, CL Rackliff. (Citations: 87).

Abstract Sixty-one preschoolers (28 girls, 33 boys) whoseethnic/racial descriptions reflected local populationstatistics (one parent categorized her child as NativeAmerican and White, while 60 parents categorized their children as White) were videotaped in aplayroom. In ...


2: "The Impact Of Parenting Experience On Gender Stereotyped Toy Play Of Children," Sex Roles, 2002, by E Wood, S Desmarais, S Gugula. (Citations: 59).

Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine gender role socialization as a function of parenting experience in an actual toy play situation and as a function of adults' perceptions of typically gender-stereotyped children's toys. Each of 48 children (24 boys and 24 girls) ...


References:

1: "The Impact Of Parenting Experience On Gender Stereotyped Toy Play Of Children," Sex Roles, 2002, by E Wood, S Desmarais, S Gugula. (Citations: 59).

Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine gender role socialization as a function of parenting experience in an actual toy play situation and as a function of adults' perceptions of typically gender-stereotyped children's toys. Each of 48 children (24 boys and 24 girls) ...


References:

1: "Relations Of Conceptions Of Gender-Role Transgressions And Gender Constancy To Gender-Typed Toy Preferences.," Developmental Psychology, 1993, by TE Lobel, J Menashri. (Citations: 61).

Abstract 1. Examined the relations among preschoolers' gender-typed toy choice, their judgments regarding cross-gender behavior, and gender constancy. Gender-typed toy choice of 87 preschool children was assessed with a measure in which children could ...


References:

1: "Antecedents Of Toddler Gender Segregation: Cognitive Consonance, Gender-Typed Toy Preferences And Behavioral Compatibility," Sex Roles, 1996, by LC Moller, LA Serbin. (Citations: 55).

Abstract This study examined 3 possible antecedents of toddler gender segregation: segregating children were hypothesized to exhibit more gender awareness, gender-typed toy preferences, and gender-typed compatible play styles than their non-segregating ...


References:

1: "That'S A Boy'S Toy: Gender-Typed Knowledge In Toddlers As A Function Of Mother'S Marital Status," The Journal Of Genetic Psychology, 2010, by JM Hupp, JL Smith, JM Coleman. (Citations: 8).

ABSTRACT A child who is highly gender schematic readily uses gender when processing new information. In the current study, we examined whether and how family structure predicts a child's level of gender-typed knowledge (as assessed by a gender-stereotype ...



Related Books at Amazon.com


Comments

gender, play, toy, preschooler, toddler

Cross-Gender-Type vs. Gender-Stereotyped Toys: What are the Factors Contributing to Children’s Preference

Vote "Thumb Up" if you feel this Q&A is useful!

Tags:

gender x 5
play x 4
toy x 3
toddler x 38

Seen: 1313 times

Last updated: about 8 hours ago




Disclaimer: Parenting-Checkpoint.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.